Introduction to Grammar Guidelines

With texting, Facebook, and Twitter fast becoming main modes of communication, the new shorthand lingo that is developing will no doubt bring about a higher frequency of grammatical, spelling, and punctuation errors. The rules that define proper English seem to fade into the distance as more people forget them and replace that knowledge with acronyms such as OMG and LOL. The hope for this site is to reinforce proper English grammar and continue to encourage eloquent writing and speech.

Thursday, November 19, 2009

Who vs. Whom

"Who" and "Whom" are confusing. Most people don't really understand when to use "Whom," and we are going to address that issue so that you can use it confidently when speaking and writing.

"Who" is a subject pronoun that either asks the question of "Which person?" or clarifies which person.
Who did that?
She is the one who was dating Ed.

 "Whom" is "the objective case of "Who" and is properly used where the word functions as an object" (p. 931 The Pocket Oxford American Dictionary of Current English. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2002). In the sentences below, you can see that "whom" is the direct object of each sentence. "Whom" is receiving the action of the verb.
To whom did you send the gift card?
My sister is the one of whom you are speaking.

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